Tipu Sultan: The Tiger of Mysore

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Ruler of Mysore

He was the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore from 1782-1799 and a scholar, soldier, and poet. Tipu was the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore and his wife Fatima Fakhr-un-Nisa.

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Ruler of Mysore
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A thorn to the British Rule in India

Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore, or Tippoo Sahib as the British called him, was the Indian ruler who resisted the East India Company’s conquest of southern India. Public opinion in England considered him a vicious tyrant, while modern Indian nationalists have hailed him as a freedom fighter.

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A thorn to the British Rule in India
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Commander at 16

Tipu Sultan was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employment of his father. At age 15, he accompanied his father against the British in the First Mysore War in 1766. He commanded a corps of cavalry in the invasion of Carnatic in 1767 at age 16. 

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Commander at 16
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Defeating the British

The Second Mysore War came to an end with the 1784 Treaty of Mangalore with the British forces suffering heavy defeat in the hands of Tipu Sultan. Tipu soon realised that British were an emerging threat to India. It was the last occasion when an Indian king dictated terms to the British, and the treaty is a prestigious document in the history of India

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Defeating the British
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Use of Rockets

Tipu Sultan organised his Rocket artillery brigades known as Cushoon's, Tipu Sultan expanded the number of servicemen in the various Cushoon's from 1500 to almost 5000. The Mysorean rocketsutilised by Tipu Sultan, were later updated by the British and successively employed during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Use of Rockets
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Death

Tipu Sultan died on 4th May, 1799 while defending his kingdom in Srirangapatna, which is near to Mysore. He was outnumbered by the British East India Company. The British broke through the city walls, French Military advisers advised Tipu Sultan to escape from secret passages and live to fight another day but to their astonishment Tipu replied "One day of life as a Tiger is far better than thousand years of living as a Jackal". Tipu Sultan died defending his capital on 4 May.

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Death
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