Sigmund Freud - Father of Psychoanalysis

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Family History

Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia (now Czech Republic). His father, Jacob Freud, was a wool merchant, and his mother, Amalie, the third wife of Jacob. Sigmund Freud 2 older half brothers and 7 younger siblings. Image Courtesy: www.loc.gov

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Family History
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Education

Despite their poverty, Freud's parents ensured his schooling and education. In 1865, the nine-year-old student Freud entered the Leopoldstadter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a prominent high school. He proved an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with honors. Image Courtesy: classicbeckybrainfood.blogspot.com

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Education
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Doctor of Medicine

Freud successfully completed his medical studies in 1881 and receiving his doctor of medicine degree at the age of twenty-four. Image Courtesy: blogs.scientificamerican.com

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Doctor of Medicine
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Family Life

He married Martha Bernays the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays, a Chief Rabbi in Hamburg. The couple had six children. Image Courtesy: www.signandsight.com

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Family Life
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Medical Practise

Freud spent three years as a resident physician in the famous Allgemeine Krankenhaus, a general hospital and the medical center of Vienna. Image Courtesy: history.amedd.army.mil

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Medical Practise
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Interest in Hysteria

Freud resigned his hospital post in 1886 and set up in private practice specializing in "nervous disorders". Freud first became interested in hysteria (an illness in which a person complains of physical symptoms without a medical cause). Image Courtesy: mindblog.dericbownds.net

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Interest in Hysteria
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Treatment through Hypnotism

Freud returned to Vienna and joined Joseph Breuer who had the same area of interest who told Freud about a hysterical patient whom he had treated successfully by hypnotizing her and then tracing her symptoms back to traumatic incident of her childhood. Image Courtesy: www.indianetzone.com

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Treatment through Hypnotism
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Free Association method

Freud had developed his therapeutic technique (having to do with treating a mental disability) by dropping the use of hypnosis and shifting to the more effective method of "free association" where a patient talks freely about whatever ideas or memories occurred to them. Image Courtesy: psycheandmuse.library.yale.edu

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Free Association method
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Interpretation of Dreams

Freud found that patient’s dreams could be fruitfully analyzed to reveal the complex structuring of unconscious material. After the publication of 'The Interpretation of Dreams' in November 1899, interest in his theories began to grow, and a circle of supporters developed. Image Courtesy: scrapsyard.com

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Interpretation of Dreams
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Id, ego, and super-ego

Freud proposed that the human psyche could be divided into three parts The id is the completely unconscious, impulsive, child-like portion of the psyche; it seeks immediate pleasure. The super-ego is the moral component of the psyche, which takes into account the morally right thing, may not be right for a given situation. The ego attempts to exact a balance between the id and the super-ego; it is reflected most directly in a person's actions. Image Courtesy: world-of-lucid-dreaming.com

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Id, ego, and super-ego
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Great loss to the field of Psychology

In February 1923 he was detected with cancer of the mouth, a benign growth associated with heavy smoking. He died on 23rd September 1939. Image Courtesy: findagrave.com

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Great loss to the field of Psychology
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