Queen Elizabeth II

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Queen Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms, and head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. In her specific role as the monarch of the United Kingdom, one of her 16 realms, she is also Supreme Governor of the Church of England. She was born in London, and educated privately at home. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service.

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Queen Elizabeth II
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Queen Elizabeth II aged 3.

Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York , and his wife, Elizabeth. Her father was the second son of King George V and Queen Mary, and her mother was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Elizabeth's only sibling was Princess Margaret, born in 1930. The two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess. Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character. She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant."

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Queen Elizabeth II aged 3.
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Princess Elizabeth aged 7.

Painting by Philip de László. As a granddaughter of the monarch in the male line, Elizabeth's full style at birth was Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York. She was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle, Edward, Prince of Wales, and her father.

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Princess Elizabeth aged 7.
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Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten

Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and 1937. After another meeting at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth " though only 13 years old " fell in love with Philip, and they began to exchange letters. They married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth and Philip received 2500 wedding gifts from around the world.

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Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten
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Children of Queen Elizabeth II

Princess Elizabeth married Philip Mountbatten in Westminster Abbey on November 20, 1947. They had four children, Prince Charles who was born in 1948, Princess Anne who was born in 1950, Prince Andrew born in 1960 and Prince Edward in 1964.

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Children of Queen Elizabeth II
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The Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

On February 6th 1952 Princess Elizabeth became Queen following the death of her Father King George VI. Her Coronation was on June 2nd 1953 in Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth's coronation gown was commissioned from Norman Hartnell and embroidered on her instructions with the floral emblems of Commonwealth countries.

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The Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
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Queen Elizabeth with Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies

Queen Elizabeth with Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies during her first visit to Australia in 1954. Elizabeth witnessed, over her life, the ongoing transformation of the British Empire into the Commonwealth of Nations.Spanning 1953"54, the Queen and her husband embarked on a six-month around-the-world tour. She became the first reigning monarch of Australia and New Zealand to visit those nations.

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Queen Elizabeth with Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies
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Elizabeth at a Trooping the Colour ceremony

During the 1981 Trooping the Colour ceremony, and only six weeks before the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer, six shots were fired at the Queen from close range as she rode down The Mall on her horse, Burmese. Police later discovered that the shots were blanks. The 17-year-old assailant, Marcus Sarjeant, was sentenced to five years in prison and released after three. The Queen's composure and skill in controlling her mount were widely praised.

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Elizabeth at a Trooping the Colour ceremony
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Prince Philip and Elizabeth II,

In 1991, in the wake of victory in the Gulf War, Elizabeth became the first British monarch to address a joint session of the United States Congress.

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Prince Philip and Elizabeth II,
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Golden Jubilee

In 2002, Elizabeth marked her Golden Jubilee as queen. Her sister and mother died in February and March, and the media speculated as to whether the Jubilee would be a success or a failure. She again undertook an extensive tour of her realms, which began in Jamaica in February, where she called the farewell banquet "memorable" after a power cut. As in 1977, there were street parties and commemorative events, and monuments were named to honour the occasion. A million people attended each day of the three-day main Jubilee celebration in London, and the enthusiasm shown by the public for Elizabeth was greater than many journalists had predicted.[

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Golden Jubilee
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Sandringham House, Elizabeth's private residence

Elizabeth's personal fortune has been the subject of speculation for many years. Jock Colville, who was her former private secretary and a director of her bank, Coutts, estimated her wealth in 1971 at £2 million. The Royal Collection, which includes artworks and the Crown Jewels, is not owned by the Queen personally and is held in trust, as are the occupied palaces in the United Kingdom such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued at £383 million in 2011. Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle are privately owned by the Queen.

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Sandringham House, Elizabeth's private residence
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Personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II

Elizabeth has held titles throughout her life, as a granddaughter of the monarch, as a daughter of the monarch, through her husband's titles, and eventually as Sovereign. In common parlance, she is The Queen. She has received honours and awards from around the world, and has held honorary military positions throughout the Commonwealth, both before and after her accession. or Her Majesty.

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Personal flag of Queen Elizabeth II
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Queen Elizabeth II

It's 60 years today since the Queen acceded the throne.

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Queen Elizabeth II
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Indira Gandhi with Queen Elizabeth II

The late Prime Minister Shrimati Indira Gandhi with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II during Royal visit to tour of India (1983).

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Indira Gandhi with Queen Elizabeth II
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Queen Elizabeth II

Here is a brief history about the life of Queen Elizabeth II on her 86th birthday...

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Queen Elizabeth II
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