Napoleon Bonaparte

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Napoleon Bonaparte

He is remembered for his role in the wars led against France by a series of coalitions, the so-called Napoleonic Wars. Image Courtesy:artwallpapers.org

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Napoleon Bonaparte
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Childhood & Military School

He was born on August 15, 1769 in Corsica. He attended Royal Military Academy on a scholarship in 1779. He became the youngest lieutenant in France at the age of 16. Image Courtesy:usmessageboard.com

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Childhood & Military School
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Siege of Toulon

With the help of fellow Corsican Antoine Christophe Saliceti, Bonaparte was appointed artillery commander of the republican forces at the siege of Toulon. The city had risen against the republican government and was occupied by British troops. Image Courtesy:themonarchist.blogspot.com

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Siege of Toulon
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The Reign of Terror

The Guillotine was used to execute anyone suspected of counterrevolutionary thoughts. This installed immense fear among the people. Image Courtesy:best-hoaxes.blogspot.com

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The Reign of Terror
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Tuilleries Palace

On 3 October, royalists in Paris declared a rebellion against the National Convention after they were excluded from a new government, the Directory. Napoleon ordered a young cavalry officer, Joachim Murat, to seize large cannons and used them to repel the attackers on 5 October 1795 - 13 Vendemiaire An IV in the French Republican Calendar. One thousand four hundred royalists died, and the rest fled. Image Courtesy:worldvisitguide.com

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Tuilleries Palace
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Meeting Josephine

Napoleon married Josephine on March 9, 1796. Image Courtesy:nobleyreal.blogspot.com

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Meeting Josephine
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Victory in Italy

Two days after the marriage, Bonaparte left Paris to take command of the Army of Italy and led it on a successful invasion of Italy. At the Battle of Lodi he defeated Austrian forces and drove them out of Lombardy. Image Courtesy:paullouiscourier.fr

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Victory in Italy
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Egyptian Campaign

He invaded Egypt in 1798 in order to take over routes of India and defeat British Army. Image Courtesy:serieamania.net

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Egyptian Campaign
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Promoted from General to First Consul

Sieyes was outmaneuvered by Bonaparte, who drafted the Constitution of the Year VIII and secured his own election as First Consul, and he took up residence at the Tuileries. This made Bonaparte the most powerful person in France. Image Courtesy:genteradio.com.ve

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Promoted from General to First Consul
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Changes in France

Bonaparte instituted lasting reforms, including higher education, a tax code, road and sewer systems, and established the Banque de France (central bank). His legal reform, the Napoleonic Code, has been a major influence on many civil law jurisdictions worldwide. Image Courtesy:svr225.stepx.com

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Changes in France
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The Coronation

Napoleon crowned himself Emperor Napoleon I on 2 December 1804 at Notre Dame de Paris and then crowned Josephine Empress. The story that Napoleon seized the crown out of the hands of Pope Pius VII during the ceremony to avoid his subjugation to the authority of the pontiff is apocryphal. Image Courtesy:neilsilberman.wordpress.com

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The Coronation
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Battle of Austerlitz

Battle of Austerlitz is also known as battle of Three Emperors. He defeated the third coalition and took over all of Austria’s territory in Italy. He crowned himself as King of Italy. Image Courtesy:ancrehistoire.fr

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Battle of Austerlitz
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Russian Campaign

In 1812, Napoleon went to war with Russia following resumption of trade ties between Russia and Britain. The French suffered greatly in the course of a ruinous retreat, including from the harshness of the Russian Winter. The Army had begun as over 400,000 frontline troops, but in the end fewer than 40,000 crossed the Berezina River in November 1812. Image Courtesy:theapricity.com

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Russian Campaign
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Exile to Elba

In the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the victors exiled him to Elba, an island of 12,000 inhabitants in the Mediterranean, 20 km off the Tuscan coast. They gave him sovereignty over the island and allowed him to retain his title of emperor. Napoleon attempted suicide with a pill he had carried since a near-capture by Russians on the retreat from Moscow. Image Courtesy:en.m.wikipedia.org

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Exile to Elba
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Return to France

He returned to France on March 1, 1815 and reinstated himself as Emperor. Louis XVIII was forced to flee France. Image Courtesy:brukselanato.polemb.net

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Return to France
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Hundred Days

Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. Napoleon met defeat in the Battle of Waterloo. Napoleon was imprisoned and then exiled to the island of Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean, 1,870 km from the west coast of Africa. Image Courtesy:askja.blog.is

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Hundred Days
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Death

In February 1821, Napoleon's health began to fail rapidly, and on 3 May two British physicians, who had recently arrived, attended on him but could only recommend palliatives. He died two days later on 5th May, 1821 after confession, Extreme Unction and Viaticum in the presence of Father Ange Vignali. Image Courtesy:napoleonicsociety.com

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Death
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