Martin Luther King, Jr.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

He is best known for being an iconic figure in the advancement of civil rights in the United States and around the world, using nonviolent methods following the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

There, he expanded American values to include the vision of a color blind society, and established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other nonviolent means.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and stopping the Vietnam War.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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Martin Luther King, Jr.

He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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