Bankim Chandra

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Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a famous Bengali writer, poet and journalist.

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He was the composer of India’s national song Vande Mataram, originally a Bengali and Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring the activists during the Indian Freedom Movement.

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Bankim Chandra wrote 13 novels and several ‘serious, serio-comic, satirical, scientific and critical treaties’ in Bengali. His works were widely translated into other regional languages of India as well as in English.

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Bankim Chandra was born to an orthodox Brahmin family at Kanthalpara, North 24 Parganas.

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He was educated at Hoogly College and Presidency College, Calcutta.He was one of the first graduates of the University of Calcutta.

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From 1858, until his retirement in 1891, he served as a deputy magistrate and deputy collector in the Government of British India.

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Bankim Chandra is widely regarded as a key figure in literary renaissance of Bengal as well as India.

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Some of his writings, including novels, essays and commentaries, were a breakaway from traditional verse-oriented Indian writings, and provided an inspiration for authors across India.

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When Bipin Chandra Pal decided to start a patriotic journal in August 1906, he named it Vande Mataram, after Bankim Chandra's song. Lala Lajpat Rai also published a journal of the same name.

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