Queens of India

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Rani Chennamma of Keladi

Also known as Chennammaji, she succeeded her husband Somashekara Nayak I at a very young age. She managed control the throne in spite of scheming councillors and external dangers. A member of the royal family who felt he should have succeeded to the crown made alliance with the ruler of Mysore, but the she defeated him in battle and forced a treaty on Mysore. Many other chieftains and leaders in the kingdom also declared war but they were crushed and defeated. Rajaram, son of Chatrapati Shivaji came to her while fleeing from Aurangazeb and she granted him safe passage. This led to war with the Mughal Empire in which her troops destroyed a major part of the Mughal army.

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Rani Chennamma of Keladi
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Sri Rani Aswathi Thriunal Umayamma of Travancore

As the senior Princess of the Royal House, she was already Rani of Attingal, which was given to her on the death of Raja Aditya Varma after defeating a rival contender, Nedumangattu Kerala Varma in battle. Around this time, the British first came to Kerala. In 1684, she facilitated the construction of godowns for the British near Attingal.

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Sri Rani Aswathi Thriunal Umayamma of Travancore
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Rani Mangammal of Madrai

When her son, Rangakrishna Muthu Virappa Nayak died, her daugter-in-law committed sati. Mangammal became regent for her grandson, Vijaya Ranga Chokkanatha, who was crowned at the age of 3 months, ruling with an Advisory Council. She was a popular administrator and is still widely remembered as a maker of roads and avenues, and a builder of temples and tanks with many of her public works still in use. She is also known for her diplomatic and political skills and successful military campaigns.

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Rani Mangammal of Madrai
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Rani Lakshmibai or Jhansi Ki Rani

Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent.

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Rani Lakshmibai or Jhansi Ki Rani
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Rani Durgavati of Gondwana

Rani Durgavati was born on October 5, 1524 in the family of famous Rajput Chandel Emperor Keerat Rai. She was born at the fort of Kalanjar. Chandel Dynasty is famous in the Indian History for the defense of king Vidyadhar ,who repulsed the Muslim attacks of Mahmud Ghaznavi. His love for sculptures is shown in the world famed temples of Khajuraho and Kalanjar fort. Rani Durgavati's achievements further enhanced the glory of her ancestral tradition of courage and patronage of rts In 1542, she was married to Dalpat Shah, the eldest son of king Sangram Shah of Gond Dynasty. Chandel and Gond dynasties got closer as a consequence of this marriage and that was the reason Keerat Rai got the help of Gonds and his son-in-law Dalpat Shah at the time of muslim invasion of Sher Shah Suri in which Sher Shah died.

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Rani Durgavati of Gondwana
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Rani Padmini

Rani Padmini, was the queen of Chittor and the wife of King Rawal Ratan Singh. She features in Padmavat, an epic poem written by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in 1540. Padmini or Padmavati spent her life in Singhal under the care of her father Gandharvsen and mother Champavati. Padmini had a talking parrot named "Hiramani". Her father arranged a swayamvara and invited all the Hindu kings and Rajputs to ask for her hands. Malkhan Singh, a king from a small state came to her swayamvara to marry her. King Rawal Ratan Singh of Chittor who had another queen Nagmati, also went to Singhal, defeated Malkhan Singh and married Padmini as the winner of the swayamvara. He returned to Chittor with his beautiful second queen Padmini.

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Rani Padmini
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Razia Sultana

Razia al-Din, usually referred to in history as Razia Sultan, was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to May 1240. She was of Seljuq slave ancestry and like some other Muslim princesses of the time, she was trained to lead armies and administer kingdoms if necessary. Razia Sultana, the fifth Mamluk Sultanate was the only woman ruler of both the Sultanate and the Mughal period.

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Razia Sultana
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