Indian National Flag

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Adopting and meaning of the Indian National Flag

The Indian National flag was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the India. In India, the term "tricolour" (Hindi: Tiranga) always refers to the Indian national flag. Saffron - courage and sacrifice White - truth and purity Green - peace and prosperity Ashok Chakra represents the Laws of Dharma (righteousness).

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Adopting and meaning of the Indian National Flag
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The Code of Conduct of the Indian National Flag

It is governed by Flag Code of India - 2002 and other laws relating to the national emblems. When the National Flag is raised the saffron color band should be at the top. No flag or emblem should be placed either above the National Flag or to its right. All other flags to be placed to the left of the National Flag if they are hung in a line. When the National Flag is carried in a procession or parade, it shall be on the marching right or in front of the center of the line, if there is a line of other flags.

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The Code of Conduct of the Indian National Flag
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The Code of Conduct of the Indian National Flag

Normally the National Flag should be flown over important government buildings like the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the Parliament House, the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts, the Secretariats, the Commissioners' office etc. The National Flag or any imitation of it must not be used for purpose of trade, business, or profession. The National Flag should always be taken down in the evening at sunset.

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The Code of Conduct of the Indian National Flag
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Need for Changes in the flag code

According to flag code of India, Citizens of India did not have the right to hoist the Indian flag except for important days like Republic day, Independence day and Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. An industrialist Naveen Jindal challenged this in the court. Also, the flag, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are laid out by the Bureau of Indian Standards.

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Need for Changes in the flag code
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Amendment of the flag code

In 2002, the Supreme Court of India directed the Government of India to amend the code to allow flag usage by private citizens. The Union Cabinet of India amended the code to allow limited usage. The code was amended once more in 2005 which also included adaptations on certain forms of clothing.

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Amendment of the flag code
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Allowed by Flag Code of India

The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions to inspire respect for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools. A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag. Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens to fly the flag on their premises.

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Allowed by Flag Code of India
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Not Allowed in Flag Code of India

The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes. As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather. No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object, including flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag.

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Not Allowed in Flag Code of India
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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 1

The Indian flag was hoisted on the highest mountain peak of the world, Mount Everest on 29th May 1953.

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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 1
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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 2

Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama was the first person to hoist Indian flag on foreign soil on 22nd August 1907 in Stuttgrat, Germany.

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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 2
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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 3

The Indian National Flag flew to space in 1984 when Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma went to space. The flag was attached as a medallion on the space suit of Rakesh Sharma.

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Interesting Facts About Indian Flag 3
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