World Penguin Day

Image
02

Penguin

Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the southern hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have become flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans.

01
Penguin
02

Habitat

Although all penguin species are native to the southern hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos Penguin, lives near the equator. All penguins live in different places like the southern half of the earth, Antarctica, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Peru, the Falkland Islands, and the Galapagos Islands.

01
Habitat
02

Emperor Penguin

The largest living species of penguins are the Emperor Penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri): on average adults are about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg (75 lb) or more. The dorsal side and head are black and sharply delineated from the white belly, pale-yellow breast and bright-yellow ear patches. Like all penguins it is flightless, with a streamlined body, and wings stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine habitat.

01
Emperor Penguin
02

Little Blue Penguin

The Little Penguin is the smallest species of penguin. The penguin, which usually grows to an average of 33 cm (13 in) in height and 43 cm (17 in) in length (though specific measurements vary by subspecies), is found on the coastlines of southern Australia and New Zealand, with possible records from Chile.

01
Little Blue Penguin
02

Types of Penguins

Penguins are all from the order Sphenisciformes and family Spheniscidae. There are believed to be 18 species of penguin. They include: Adelie, Emperor, Fairy (also known as Little or Little Blue),Chinstrap, etc

01
Types of Penguins
02

Penguins

Three foods of penguins are krill, fish, and squid. Some of the smaller penguins eat only krill. Krill is a tiny shrimp-like animal. Some of the larger penguins eat fish and squid, also. They find these foods in the waters around Antarctica. When penguins eat food while at sea, they store the food in a special place. When chicks are hungry, they reach into their parents' beaks to feed on the food the parents have regurgitated.

01
Penguins
02

Penguins Swimming

Some penguin species spend as much as 75% of their lives in the sea. Some species spend several months at a time at sea, only coming ashore for breeding and molting. The Fiordland crested penguins sometimes grow barnacles on their tails, an indication that they are at sea for long periods. Penguin wings are paddlelike flippers used for swimming. The motion of the flippers resembles the wing movements of flying birds, giving penguins the appearance of flying through the water. Most prey of penguins inhabit the upper water layers, so most penguins generally do not have to dive to great depths or for long period.

01
Penguins Swimming
02

A Waddle of Penguins

Penguins for the most part breed in large colonies, the exceptions being the Yellow-eyed and Fiordland species; these colonies may range in size from as few as a 100 pairs for Gentoo Penguins, to several hundred thousand in the case of King, Macaroni and Chinstrap Penguins. Living in colonies results in a high level of social interaction between birds, which has led to a large repertoire of visual as well as vocal displays in all penguin species. Agonistic displays are those intended to confront or drive off, or alternately appease and avoid conflict with, other individuals.

01
A Waddle of Penguins
02

Penguins and Humans

Penguins have a lot of human friends and all species are protected even though some species are at no risk of extinction in the near future. Perhaps part of the reason we connect with the birds, besides their inherent adorableness, is the fact that they are rarely afraid of humans. Many species of penguins, particularly those from the Antarctic, have no fear of humans at all because they have so few predators on land. While seals attack by the water, the few air and land predators penguins sea will only eat chicks and eggs. For this reason, people who visit penguin habitats are often surprised to see the birds will often approach them out of pure curiosity.

01
Penguins and Humans
02

World Penguin Day

World Penguin Day happens on or around April 25th each year. This is the time when millions of penguins migrate north. Unlike other birds that migrate each year, penguins do not fly. Instead, they walk, or waddle to their new home and breeding grounds. It’s a long journey across the ice. There are many things you can do on World Penguin Day. Perhaps the best thing is to donate some money to a charity that helps protect these beautiful creatures.

01
World Penguin Day
Share facebook twitter gplus

Related Slideshows