The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The United Nations is an international organisation founded by 51 countries in 1945 after the Second World War. The organisation was formed with an aim to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress, better living standards and human rights.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The United Nations was formed when 'the League of Nations' ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The name 'United Nations' was coined by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

Representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. 

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other signatories. 

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The UN Flag was approved on 20 October 1947. It had the official emblem of the United Nations in white, centred on a light blue background. 

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The official languages used at the United Nations are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The working languages at the UN Secretariat are English and French.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The work of the United Nations reaches every corner of the globe. The organisation not only focuses on peacekeeping, peace building and conflict prevention but also covers a broad range of fundamental issues like sustainable development, disaster relief, counter terrorism and promoting democracy, human rights and gender equality among others.    

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

With the help of the powers vested in its founding Charter, the Organization can take action on a wide range of issues, and it provides a forum for its 193 Member States to express their views through the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The United Nations has four main purposes: (1) To maintain peace throughout the world; (2) To develop friendly relations among nations; (3) To help nations work together to improve the lives of the poor, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms; (4) To be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations to achieve these goals.

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance

The emblem of the United Nations was approved on 7 December 1946. The design is a map of the world representing an equidistant projection centred on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath of the olive tree, in gold on a field of smoke blue with all water areas in white. Olive branches symbolise peace. The world map depicts the area of concern for the United Nations in achieving its main purpose of peace and security. 

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The Formation of United Nations and its Significance
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