Spiders

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Black Widow spider

The black widow spider is widely feared because its bite results in severe pain that may take several days to subside. Bites are rarely fatal but small children and elderly persons are at risk. Black widows eat any insect they can capture.

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Black Widow spider
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Funnelweb spider

These spiders are often called grass spiders because they construct their webs in tall grass, heavy ground cover and the branches of thick shrubs.

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Funnelweb spider
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Jumping spider

Jumping spiders are among the spiders more commonly seen around homes because they are active during the day. They are recognized by their stout, robust bodies, quick movements, and remarkable feats of jumping. They have two very large eyes in the bottom front row of eyes which they use to locate prey during their daytime hunting forays.

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Jumping spider
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Brown Recluse spider

It does not seek to bite and bites are usually accidental. The bite of this spider produces a nasty result in people, such as open, ulcerating sores. Left untreated, such bites often become infected and significant tissue necrosis can occur.

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Brown Recluse spider
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Garden spider

Garden spiders spin very large, flat, orb-shaped webs across open spaces between tree and shrub branches. The webs will be located along natural flight paths for flying insects. This spider sits, head facing downward, waiting for an unwary insect to fly into its web. The spider then bites it to subdue it, wraps it tightly in silk, and carries it like a prize to a protected area to feed on it later.

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Garden spider
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Spiny-Backed Orb Weaver spider

The spiny-backed orb weaver spins flat, orb-shaped webs in shrubs, trees and in the corners of windows and similar outdoor areas of buildings. These spiders capture insects found around a home. They are not dangerous and would easily be overlooked if not for their unique coloration.

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Spiny-Backed Orb Weaver spider
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Cellar spider

Cellar spiders spin large, tangled webs and hang upside down within the web. When disturbed, they shake the web violently. They are not dangerous spiders and actually are quite beneficial in that they have been known to capture and eat other spiders.

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Cellar spider
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Ground spider

Ground spiders are hunting spiders; they do not build webs, but rather chase down their prey. Most species are night hunters but some are active during the day. These spiders live outside beneath stones and logs and within leaf litter.

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Ground spider
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Tarantulas

Tarantulas are passive hunters in that they wait near their burrows for insects and other spiders to walk past, then ambush their prey. They live in burrows in the soil and beneath items in contact with the ground, such as stones or logs. They come out only at night to feed.

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Tarantulas
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Crab spider

Crab spiders are passive hunters that ambush their prey. These spiders wait patiently on plants and flowers for flies, bees, butterflies and other insects to visit, and then they pounce upon the unsuspecting insect. These spiders prefer to stay outside; they are rarely seen inside.

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Crab spider
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Hobo spider

Hobo spiders are funnel-web spiders, meaning they construct flat webs which have a funnel-shaped retreat at one end. The females spend most of their lives in the webs while the males and immature spiders may wander about.

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Hobo spider
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Wolf spider

Wolf spiders come in many sizes. Wolf spiders are active hunters which search for prey during the day or night, depending on the species. Wolf spiders are unique in that they carry their egg sacs from the tip of their abdomens attached to the spinnerets. The young spiderlings also ride on the mother’s back for a few days after hatching.

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Wolf spider
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Yellow Sac spider

This spider belongs to a family of spiders known for resting in a small silken retreat or sac during the day. The yellow sac spider is a nighttime hunter which feeds on small insects and possibly even other spiders. The silken "sac" retreats are usually seen in beneath the bark of trees and under items such as stones and logs.

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Yellow Sac spider
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