Pronouns - Part 2

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Pronoun means for a noun.

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Since a Personal Pronoun is used instead of a Noun, it must be of the same number, gender and person as the Noun for which it stands, as shown in the below slide.

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When a Pronoun, stands for a Collective Noun, it must be in the Singular Number (and Neuter Gender) if the Collective Noun is viewed as a whole, as shown in the below slide.

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If the Collective Noun conveys the idea of separate individuals comprising the whole, the Pronoun standing for it must be of the Plural Number, as shown in the below slide.

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When two or more Singular Nouns are joined by and, the Pronoun used for them must be Plural, as shown in the below slide.

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But when two Singular Nouns joined by and refer to the same person or thing, the Pronoun used must be Singular, as shown in the below slide.

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When two Singular Nouns joined by and are preceded by each or every, the Pronoun must be Singular, as shown in the below slide.

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When two or more Singular Nouns are joined by or or either...or, neither... nor; the Pronoun is generally Singular, as shown in the below slide.

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When a Plural Noun and a Singular Noun are joined by 'or' or 'nor', the Pronoun must be in the Plural, as shown in the below slide.

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When a pronoun refers to more than one noun or pronoun of different persons; it must be of the first person plural in preference to the third, as shown in the below slide.

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Good manners require that we should say - 'You and I' not 'I and you'. 'You and he' not 'he and you'. 'Hari and I' not 'I and Hari'. 'He and Hari not 'Hari and he'.

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Each of the personal pronouns, I, he, she, we, they, has a different form for the accusative case, namely, me, him, her, us, them. It is a common mistake to use - for me, when the pronoun is connected by a conjunction (and, or) with some other word in the accusative case.

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Note that but is a preposition in the sentence, take care to use the accusative form after but in such cases.

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