Pronouns - Part 1

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Pronoun means for a noun. Image from http://stores.echo-lit.com/StoreFront.bok

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Pronouns

I, we, you, he, (she, it), they are called Personal Pronouns because they stand for the three persons as shown in the below slide. The Pronouns I and we, which denote the person or persons speaking, are said to be Personal Pronouns of the First Person. The Pronoun you, which denotes the person or persons spoken to, is said to be a Personal Pronoun of the Second Person. You is used both in the singular and plural.

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Pronouns
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Pronouns

We may say- Hari is absent, because Hari is ill. But it is better to avoid the repetition of the Noun Hari, and say- Hari is absent, because he is ill. A word that is thus used instead of a noun is called a Pronoun (Pronoun means for-a noun.)

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Pronouns
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Pronouns

The pronouns he (she) and they, which denote the person or persons spoken of, are said to be Personal Pronouns of the Third Person. It, although it denotes the thing spoken of, is also called a Personal Pronoun of the Third Person. [The Personal Pronouns of the Third Person are, strictly speaking, Demonstrative Pronouns.]

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Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

FIRST PERSON (Masculine or Feminine)

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

SECOND PERSON (Masculine or Feminine)

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

THIRD PERSON

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

Note 1:- It will be seen that the Possessive Cases of most of the Personal Pronouns have two forms. Of these the forms my, our, your, her, their, are called Possessive Adjectives because they are used with nouns and do the work of Adjectives. Possessive Adjectives are somethings called Pronominal Adjectives, as they are formed from Pronouns.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

Note 2 :- The word 'his' is used both as an Adjective and as a Pronoun; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

In the below slide the following sentences the words in italics are Possessive Pronouns.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

The pronoun of the Third Person has three Genders.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

The Pronoun 'it' is used- (1) For things without life; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(2) For animals, unless we clearly wish to speak of them as male and female; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(3) For a young child, unless we clearly wish to refer to the gender; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(4) To refer to some statement going before; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(5) As a provisional and temporary subject before the verb to be when the real subject follows; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(6) To give emphasis to the noun or pronoun following; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(7) As an indefinite nominative of an impersonal verb; as shown in the below slide. The Pronoun it here seems to stand for no noun whatever, though this can be readily supplied from the verb. Thus, 'It rains' means 'The rain rains.' It so used is called an Impersonal Pronoun. So also the verb rains is here called an Impersonal Verb.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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Forms of the Personal Pronouns

(8) In speaking of the weather or the time; as shown in the below slide.

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Forms of the Personal Pronouns
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