Parts of Speech

Image
02

Parts of Speech

In the English language, grammar is traditionally divided into 8 parts of speech as follows:Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Preposition,Conjunction and Interjection.

01
Parts of Speech
02

Noun

A noun is a word which names a person, place or thing. These are some examples of nouns: school, teacher, book, temple, Anil, Mumbai. Anil is noun because it is the name of a person, India is a noun because it is the name of a place and book is noun because it it the name of a thing. Nouns are of two types - proper nouns and common nouns.rn

01
Noun
02

Adjective

An adjective is a word which describes or gives more information about a noun or pronouns. An adjective describes a noun according to such qualities like size, colour, number and kind. An adjective does not change the basic meaning or structure of the sentence, but they do give a lot more information about the subject or the object in a sentence.

01
Adjective
02

Pronoun

A pronoun is a word which can be used instead of a noun. Some examples of pronouns: I, you, he, she, us, they. Pronouns are used frequently to avoid repeating a noun.

01
Pronoun
02

Verb

A verb is a word which shows action or state of being.The verb is the essence of the sentence. Hence, every sentence must have a verb. Identifying the verb is the most important step in understanding the meaning of a sentence. Verbs also change their form. Sometimes endings are added (dance - danced) and sometimes the word itself are changed ( sing - sang - sung). Different forms of verbs show different meanings in relation to tense (past, present, future), person (first person, second person, third person), number (singular, plural) and voice (active, passive). Verbs are also accompanied by verb-like words called modals (may,could, would) and auxiliaries (do, have, will) to give them different meanings.

01
Verb
02

Adverb

An adverb is a word that gives more information about a verb, an adjective or another adverb. An adverb describes verbs, adjectives and adverbs according to qualities like time, frequency and manner. Although most verbs end in -ly but not all words that end in -ly are adverbs (daily - is an adjective, family is a noun and apply is a verb). Often an adjective can be converted into an adverb by adding -ly, for example, slowly, neatly, heavily. There are two types of adverbs - adverbs of time and adverbs of frequency. Adverbs of time tells you when something happens, for example, now, then, here. Adverbs of frequency tell how often something happens, for example, always, never, rarely.

01
Adverb
02

Preposition

A preposition is a word that shows relationships among other words in the sentence. Some of the relationships are direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.

01
Preposition
02

Conjunction

A conjunction is a word that joins together sentences and sometimes words.Coordinating conjunctions are conjunctions which connect two equal parts of a sentence. Subordinating conjunctions connect two parts of a sentence that are not equal and will be discussed more in another class. Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together.

01
Conjunction
02

Interjection

An interjection is a word that conveys a sudden feeling or emotion. An interjection is usually followed with an exclamation mark.

01
Interjection
Share facebook twitter gplus

Related Slideshows