Noun: Case - Part 1

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In the first sentence, the noun Vivek is the Subject. It answers the question, "Who threw a stone?" The group of words threw a stone is the Predicate. The Predicate contains the verb threw. What did Vivek throw? - A stone. Stone is the object which Vivek threw. Hence, the noun stone is called the Object. In the second sentence, the noun donkey is the Subject. It answers the question, "Who kicked the boy?" The noun boy is the Object. It answers the question, "Whom did the donkey kick?"

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To find the Nominative Case, put Who? or What? before the verb.

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To find the Accusative, put Whom? or What? before the verb and its subject.

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A noun which comes after a preposition is also in the Accusative Case. In the above example, the noun bus is in the Accusative Case, goverened by the preposition in.

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In the below sentence you will notice that the nouns have the same form for the Nominative case and the Accusative. The Nominative generally comes before the verb, and the Accusative after the verb. They are distinguished by the order of words or by the sense.

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If you compare the below sentences, you will notice that in both the sentences the noun book is the Object of gave. In the second sentence, Raju was the person to whom Mohan gave a book. The noun Mohan is called the Indirect Object of the verb gave. The noun book, the ordinary Object is called the Direct Object. The position of the Indirect Object is immediately after the verb and before the Direct Object.

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In the below sentences, the Indirect Object of a verb denotes the person to whom something is given, or whom something is done.

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The form of noun Tanu is changed to Tanu's to show ownership of possession. The noun Tanu's is in the Possessive (or Genitive) Case. The possessive answers the question, 'Whose?' Whose umbrella? - Tanu's.

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Possessive Case does not always denote possession. It is used to denote authorship, origin, kind, etc.

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When a noun is Plural, and ends in 'S', the Possessive Case is formed by adding only an apostrophe.

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When the noun is Plural but does not end in s, Possessive Case is formed by adding 's.

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When a noun which is a title consists of several words, the Possessive sign is attached only to the last word.

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