Adjectives

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Adjectives

A word used to describe or point out, the person, animal, place or thing which the noun names, or tell the number or quantity, is called Adjective. Image from http://stores.echo-lit.com/StoreFront.bok

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In sentence 1 'good' shows what kind of girl Gita is; or in other words, 'good' describes the girl Gita. In sentence 2, 'this' points out which boy is meant. In sentence 3, 'two' shows how many oranges he gave me.

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In sentence 1, the Adjective lazy is used along with the noun boy as an epithet or attribute. It is, therefore said to used attributively. In sentence 2, the Adjective lazy is used along with the verb is and forms part of the Predicate. It is therefore, said to be used Predicatively.

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Some Adjectives can be used only Predicatively; as shown below:

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Kind of Adjectives

Adjectives of Quality (or Descriptive Adjective) show the kind or quality of a person or a thing.Adjectives formed from Proper Nouns (e.g., Kolhapuri chappals, Indian tea, etc.) are sometimes called Proper Adjectives. They are generally classed with Adjectives of Quality) language. Adjectives of Quality answer the question: Which?

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Kind of Adjectives
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Kind of Adjectives

Adjectives of Quantity show how much of a thing is meant. Adjective of of Quantity answers the question: How much?

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Kind of Adjectives

Adjectives of Number (or Numeral Adjectives) show how many persons or things are meant, or in what order a person or thing stands.

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Kind of Adjectives

Adjectives of Number (or Numeral Adjectives) are of three kinds:(i) Definite Numeral Adjectives, that denote an exact number.

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Kind of Adjectives

(ii) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives, which do no denote an exact number; as shown below:

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Kind of Adjectives

(iii) Distributive Numeral Adjectives, refer to each one of number; as shown below:

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Kind of Adjectives

The same Adjective can be classified as Quantity or Number, according to its use.

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Kind of Adjectives

Demonstrative Adjectives point out which person or thing is meant. Demonstrative Adjectives answer the question: Which? Note: - This and that are used with Singular nouns and these and those with Plural.

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Kind of Adjectives

What, which and whose, when they are used with nouns to ask questions, are called Interrogative Adjectives.

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Kind of Adjectives

In the below sentences the words own and very are used as Emphasizing Adjectives:

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Kind of Adjectives

The word "what" is sometimes used as an Exclamatory Adjective.

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Kind of Adjectives

This and that are the only Adjectives which are inflected or changed in form to show number. This, these indicate something near to the speaker. That, those indicate more distant objects.

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Formation of Adjectives

(i) Many Adjectives are formed from Nouns.

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Formation of Adjectives
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Formation of Adjectives

(ii) Some Adjectives are formed from other Adjectives.

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Formation of Adjectives
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