50 Years of Sino-Indian War

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The Sino-Indian War (Bharat-Chin Yuddh), also known as the Sino-Indian Border Conflict (Zhong-YIn Bianjing Zhanzheng), was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962.

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A disputed Himalayan border was the main pretext for war, but other issues played a role.

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There had been a series of violent border incidents after the 1959 Tibetan uprising, when India had granted asylum to the Dalai Lama.

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India initiated a Forward Policy in which it placed outposts along the border, including several north of the McMahon Line, the eastern portion of a Line of Actual Control proclaimed by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in 1959.

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Unable to reach political accommodation on disputed territory along the 3,225-kilometer-long Himalayan border, the Chinese launched simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line on 20 October 1962, coinciding with the Cuban Missile Crisis.

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Chinese troops advanced over Indian forces in both theatres, capturing Rezang la in Chushul in the western theatre, as well as Tawang in the eastern theatre.

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The war ended when the Chinese declared a ceasefire on 20 November 1962, and simultaneously announced its withdrawal from the disputed area.

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The Sino-Indian War is notable for the harsh conditions under which much of the fighting took place, entailling large-scale combat at altitudes of over 4,250 metres (14,000 feet).

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The Sino-Indian War was also noted for the non-deployment of the navy or air force by either the Chinese or Indian side.

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