Question
Fri November 18, 2011 By: Trisha Chatterjee

Please explain the difference between covalency and oxidation state.

Expert Reply
Mon November 21, 2011

Oxidation state is the number electrons a particular atom can donate or accept with favourable change in electronic configuration and minimal energy increase (or maximum lowering of energy).

Covalency is the maximum number of bonds that it can form using its empty orbitals, mostly p, d and f-orbitals by sharing or accepting electrons.

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