Question
Tue February 28, 2012 By:

Differentiate between inductive effect and electromeric effect. (4 points)

Expert Reply
Tue February 28, 2012
Inductive effect - This is effect of electronegativity, transmitted through intermediate sigma bonds. For example, chloroacetic acid is stronger than acetic acid, because the electron pulling effect of Cl stabilises the accumulation of negative charge on the anion.

Electromeric effect can be defined as the transfer of electrons from a double bond or an atom with a lone pair of electrons to an adjacent single bond.When the inductive effect and the electromeric effect operate in the same molecule, electromeric effect dominates the inductive effect. 
Inductive effect produced due to the pulling of electron towards different atoms.
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