Question
Fri February 25, 2011 By: Mohit Gehlot
 

what is impedence and where it is used and why?

Expert Reply
Fri February 25, 2011
Dear student,
Impedance is the total opposition to current flow. It includes both resistance AND reactance (capacitive and inductive). Impedance varies with frequency, while plain resistance does not. 


Impedance is the generalization of the concept of resistance from DC to AC. That is, it's a way to represent how much current will flow with a specified (AC) voltage across the impedance. That is, if you have one volt AC across an impedance that lets one ampere of AC current flow, the impedance is defined by the AC version of Ohm's law and is one ohm.

Since AC has not only amplitude, like DC, but also frequency and phase, this introduces the possibility that an impedance will not only allow a current to flow, but will change the phase of the signal, and respond with different amplitudes and phases as frequency changes. You can have a resistor, a capacitor, and an inductor that each have an impedance of one ohm (or a Kohm or a Mohm) at any given frequency.

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