Question
Fri March 11, 2011 By: Nisha Prajapati

what is carbon cycle?

Expert Reply
Fri March 11, 2011
Dear student,
The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the Earth.

Carbon occurs in elemental form as well as in organic and inorganic compounds. The basic structure of all life molecules like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, nucleic acids and vitamins is composed of carbon. Carbon dioxide is fixed by green plants during photosynthesis as well as by marine animals during shell formation. Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide to glucose, which is converted back to carbon dioxide through respiration. Combustion of fuels also releases carbon dioxide to atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is an important green house gas that prevents the escape of heat from Earth and causes global warming. 

Thus carbon is cycled repeatedly through different forms by the various physical and biological activities. The figure is given in NCERT (fig 14.7)

 

 

Regards, Team Topperlearning

 
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