- the protonation of alkene
- Nucleophilic attack of H2O
Please explain the mechanism of hydration of alkenes.
An acid / base reaction. Protonation of the alkene to generate the more stable carbocation. The p electrons act pairs as a Lewis base.
Attack of the nucleophilic water molecule on the electrophilic carbocation creates an oxonium ion.
An acid / base reaction. Deprotonation by a base generates the alcohol and regenerates the acid catalyst.