Question
Wed November 21, 2012 By: Purnima Jain

please explain me the term reproductive health in full detail.

Expert Reply
Thu November 22, 2012

Reproductive health deals with the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of reproductive disease or infirmity. 

For being reproductively healthy, people should:

  • be free from reproductive problems and diseases
  • be able to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life
  • have the capability to reproduce
  • have the freedom to decide if, when and how often to reproduce
  • have the right to be informed of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of fertility regulation of their choice
  • have the right of access to appropriate health care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant.
  • be able to manage their own sexuality and have unrestricted access to the full range of reproductive health care options.

 

Reproductive health affects, and is affected by, the broader context of people's lives, including their economic circumstances, education, employment, living conditions and family environment, social and gender relationships, and the traditional and legal structures within which they live.  The empowerment of women is an essential element for their reproductive health.

Reproductive health interventions include attention to the issues of family planning, STD prevention and management and prevention of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity.  Reproductive health should also address issues such as harmful practices, unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, reproductive tract infections including sexually transmitted diseases, gender-based violence, infertility, malnutrition and anaemia, and reproductive tract cancers.

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